Equine Thoracoscopy

Dec 12, 2016 by in EQUINE MEDICINE Comments Off on Equine Thoracoscopy

Pathophysiology The concerns that have been raised regarding thoracoscopy in horses relate primarily to the need to establish a pneumothorax in order to complete the procedure. By definition, pneumothorax indicates…

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Diagnostic Techniques

Dec 12, 2016 by in EQUINE MEDICINE Comments Off on Diagnostic Techniques

Figure 8.2 Photograph of an endoscopic linear stapler (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, OH). Liver and splenic biopsies are performed in a similar manner. Horses do not respond to biopsies of these organs,…

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Repair of the Ruptured Equine Bladder

Dec 12, 2016 by in EQUINE MEDICINE Comments Off on Repair of the Ruptured Equine Bladder

A ruptured bladder is the most common cause of uroperitoneum in the horse, and initial clinical signs include depression, anorexia, and colic (Tuohy et al. 2009). The fluid shift from…

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Foundations of Laparoscopy

Dec 12, 2016 by in EQUINE MEDICINE Comments Off on Foundations of Laparoscopy

Figure 1.2 Diagram of Antonin Desormeaux’s endoscope of 1853. A lamp fueled by turpentine and alcohol provided the artificial light that was focused and directed through the speculum. Source: National Library…

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Colopexy

Dec 12, 2016 by in EQUINE MEDICINE Comments Off on Colopexy

The first instrument portal is established by placing a 10- to 12-mm cannula using a blunt obturator through a 1-cm skin incision approximately 25 cm cranial to the umbilicus and 15 cm…

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Cryptorchidectomy

Dec 12, 2016 by in EQUINE MEDICINE Comments Off on Cryptorchidectomy

After identifying the ipsilateral intra-abdominal testis, a second 15-mm skin incision is made 8–10 cm ventral to the scope portal to serve as the first instrument portal. A third 15-mm skin…

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Adhesiolysis

Dec 12, 2016 by in EQUINE MEDICINE Comments Off on Adhesiolysis

Many preventative measures have been studied such as the use of the Halsted principle, peritoneal lavage, heparin, antibiotics, and even the use of lubricants like carboxymethylcellulose (Kelmer et al. 2008)….

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