SMALL ANIMAL

FORTY-ONE: Paresis or Paralysis

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on FORTY-ONE: Paresis or Paralysis

Clinical Vignette Sadie, a 2-year-old female black Labrador retriever, is presented for a very acute onset of dragging the right rear limb. Sadie was normal at 10 AM, and when…

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SEVENTEEN: Disturbances of Heart Rate, Rhythm, and Pulse

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on SEVENTEEN: Disturbances of Heart Rate, Rhythm, and Pulse

Problem Definition Disturbances of heart rate and cardiac rhythm are commonly present with both cardiac and noncardiac disorders. While some arrhythmias have no clinical consequence, some cause significant hemodynamic compromise,…

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EIGHTEEN: Murmurs and Abnormal Heart Sounds

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on EIGHTEEN: Murmurs and Abnormal Heart Sounds

Clinical Vignette An apparently healthy 5-month-old mixed-breed dog presents to you for a routine wellness examination. According to the owner, the puppy is showing no signs of exercise intolerance, weakness,…

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THIRTY-ONE: Icterus

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on THIRTY-ONE: Icterus

Clinical Vignette Missy, a 6-year-old female Shetland sheepdog presents for an acute to subacute onset of weakness, lethargy, poor appetite, and vomiting. Physical examination reveals icteric mucous membranes and mild…

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TWENTY-EIGHT: Diarrhea

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on TWENTY-EIGHT: Diarrhea

Clinical Vignette A 14-month-old spayed female German shepherd presents with an 8-month history of voluminous diarrhea, weight loss, unthrifty appearance, and pica. She defecates three to four times a day…

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THIRTY-THREE: Discolored Urine

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on THIRTY-THREE: Discolored Urine

Problem Definition and Recognition Urine normally appears as varying shades of yellow to amber. The depth of color is related to urine volume. Dark urine does not necessarily mean concentrated…

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FIFTY-SEVEN: Abnormal Blood pH, Anion Gap, and Blood Gases

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on FIFTY-SEVEN: Abnormal Blood pH, Anion Gap, and Blood Gases

Acid–Base Disturbances Acid–base disturbances are frequently encountered in veterinary medicine as a result of illness. This chapter provides a basic understanding and recognition of acid–base problems. Terminology The terms used…

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FORTY-THREE: Head Tilt

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on FORTY-THREE: Head Tilt

Clinical Vignette Sam, a 13-year-old M/C shepherd cross, is presented for an acute onset of stumbling, falling, and leaning to the left. He was normal at 7:30 in the morning…

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THIRTY-EIGHT: Lameness

May 25, 2017 by in SMALL ANIMAL Comments Off on THIRTY-EIGHT: Lameness

Clinical Vignette Max, a 6-year-old male Rottweiler, is presented for vague right forelimb lameness. Your physical examination reveals grade 2 lameness in the right forelimb but no other obvious abnormalities….

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