Acid-Base Disturbances

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Chapter 59 Acid-Base Disturbances Jan P. Kovacic, DVM, DACVECC KEY POINTS • The Henderson-Hasselbalch and strong ion approaches to acid-base analysis group parameters that the clinician would prefer to separate…

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Blood Gas and Oximetry Monitoring

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Chapter 208 Blood Gas and Oximetry Monitoring Laurie Sorrell-Raschi, DVM, DACVA KEY POINTS • Interpretation of blood gases requires an understanding of acid-base and respiratory physiology. • There are six…

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Methemoglobinemia

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Chapter 88 Methemoglobinemia Louisa Rahilly, DVM, DACVECC, Deborah C. Mandell, VMD, DACVECC KEY POINTS • Methemoglobin (metHb) is hemoglobin in which the ferrous (Fe2+) molecule is oxidized to the ferric…

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Colloid Osmotic Pressure and Osmolality

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Chapter 205 Colloid Osmotic Pressure And Osmolality Lori S. Waddell, DVM, DACVECC KEY POINTS • Determination of colloid osmotic pressure (COP) can guide artificial colloid therapy in veterinary patients. •…

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Fluoroquinolones

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Chapter 197 Fluoroquinolones Meredith L. Daly, VMD, DACVECC, Deborah C. Silverstein, DVM, DACVECC KEY POINTS • Fluoroquinolone antibiotics exhibit bactericidal properties through their inhibition of deoxyribonucleic acid gyrase and topoisomerase…

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Cardiac Output Monitoring

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Chapter 212 Cardiac Output Monitoring Matthew S. Mellema, DVM, PhD KEY POINTS • Cardiac output is the volume of blood transferred by the heart to the systemic circulation over time….

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Advanced Mechanical Ventilation

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Chapter 214 Advanced Mechanical Ventilation Kate Hopper, BVSc(Hons), MVSc, DACVECC KEY POINTS • The ventilator mode is defined by the control variable, breath pattern, and phase variables selected. • Ventilator…

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Bradyarrhythmias and Conduction Abnormalities

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Chapter 45 Bradyarrhythmias and Conduction Abnormalities Dennis E. Burkett, VMD, PhD, DACVECC, DACVIM (Cardiology) KEY POINTS • Disease of cardiac tissue can result in regions of conduction delay or conduction…

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Acute Renal Failure

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Chapter 135 Acute Renal Failure Catherine E. Langston, DVM, DACVIM KEY POINTS • Therapeutic intervention during the initiation stage of acute renal failure (ARF) is more likely to be successful…

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Pulmonary Artery Catheterization

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Chapter 50 Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Benjamin M. Brainard, VMD, DACVA, DACVECC, Deborah C. Mandell, VMD, DACVECC KEY POINTS • Pulmonary artery catheters (PACs) are placed through the right side of…

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