Obstructive Uropathy and Nephropathy

Jul 10, 2016 by in INTERNAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Obstructive Uropathy and Nephropathy

Chapter 11 Obstructive Uropathy and Nephropathy Introduction A. Obstructive nephropathy refers to the functional and anatomical effects of obstruction on the kidney. B. Obstructive uropathy refers to local effects on…

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Tumors of the Urinary System

Jul 10, 2016 by in INTERNAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Tumors of the Urinary System

Chapter 14 Tumors of the Urinary System Renal Neoplasia I. Primary renal tumors are uncommon, comprising approximately 1% of all neoplasms in dogs and 1% to 1.5% of all neoplasms…

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Chronic Renal Failure

Jul 10, 2016 by in INTERNAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Chronic Renal Failure

Chapter 5 Chronic Renal Failure Introduction A. Chronic renal failure (CRF) occurs when the compensatory mechanisms of chronically diseased kidneys are no longer able to maintain adequate functions to excrete…

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Urinalysis

Jul 10, 2016 by in INTERNAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Urinalysis

Chapter 1 Urinalysis Introduction A. Routine urinalysis is simple and inexpensive. B. Urinalysis not only is helpful in evaluation of patients with urinary tract disease but also in those with…

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Acute Renal Failure

Jul 10, 2016 by in INTERNAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Acute Renal Failure

Chapter 3 Acute Renal Failure Introduction A. Acute renal failure (ARF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by an abrupt increase in serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentrations to…

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Approach to Polyuria and Polydipsia

Jul 10, 2016 by in INTERNAL MEDICINE Comments Off on Approach to Polyuria and Polydipsia

Chapter 15 Approach to Polyuria and Polydipsia Normal Physiology Polydipsia 1. Polydipsia (PD) is defined as consumption of a larger than normal amount of water per day. a. Normal water…

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