Post-spay complications in a rabbit

3 Post-spay complications in a rabbit


Surgical procedures involving the abdominal cavity of rabbits are historically associated with many potential complications, including wound breakdown and gastrointestinal ileus (Box 3.1). While the benefits of ovariohysterectomy (spaying) (Box 3.2) in the general population far outweigh these risks, they should nonetheless be discussed with clients before the procedure is performed on their pet. This case outlines the strong interplay between medical therapy and nursing care, and surgical treatment of complications after spaying in one individual.

Case History

The ovariohysterectomy was routine, using poliglecaprone 25 (Monocryl®, Ethicon, Livingstone, UK) suture material for ligatures, polydioxanone (PDS®, Ethicon) for the muscle layer, and poliglecaprone 25 for the subcutaneous and intradermal layers. The rabbit was overweight (body condition score 3/5), with excessive intra-abdominal fat, making the procedure technically more difficult. (Dietary advice was given to the owner at discharge, advising a reduction in the quantity of concentrate pellets being offered.) She was discharged 2 days after surgery, by which point she was eating and passing normal faeces, and the wound had a normal appearance. Analgesia was continued (meloxicam at 0.3 mg/kg PO q24hr, off-label use) for 3 days.

A day later (3 days after surgery), the rabbit re-presented at the clinic (Box 3.3). She had not eaten and had been quiet at home. Faecal output was reduced and the rabbit appeared to have abdominal discomfort.

Sep 3, 2016 | Posted by in SMALL ANIMAL | Comments Off on Post-spay complications in a rabbit

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