Trauma in an amphibian

24 Trauma in an amphibian


Amphibians rarely present to veterinary clinics, but make interesting patients. Conditions are often related to husbandry issues, although infectious diseases such as chytridiomycosis are also prevalent. Care should be taken when handling and housing amphibians in the clinic.


The toad was housed in a room with the owner’s other pets, but within a separate enclosure. The terrarium was constructed of glass – measuring 30 × 45 cm – insulated on three sides and with a ventilation panel in the lid. It was positioned in an area of the owner’s living room that was sheltered from direct sunlight. The substrate consisted of a moist layer of sphagnum moss overlying a layer of pea gravel, with bark chippings and a wooden branch at one end. A hide area of cork bark was also provided. The enclosure also contained some artificial plants.

A small freshwater pool – 2 cm in depth – was provided. The water was changed weekly. The enclosure was misted twice daily to increase the relative humidity. A UV light was positioned approximately 30 cm above the substrate, and had been new when the owner acquired the animal six months ago.

The enclosure temperature was 23–27°C and relative humidity 70–85%. These were monitored using a maximum–minimum digital thermometer and hygrometer.

The animal’s diet comprised mealworms, crickets, locusts and pinkies (newborn mice). The invertebrates were gut-loaded during the 24 hours prior to feeding the toad, and dusted with a mineral supplement prior to feeding.

The owner kept several other amphibians, including a White’s tree frog (Litoria caerulea), axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum) and some fire salamanders (Salamandra salamandra). None of these animals had significant medical history. The marine toad had been quarantined for a period of 1 month on acquisition; it was housed in a separate room during this period and separate cleaning utensils were used.

Sep 3, 2016 | Posted by in SMALL ANIMAL | Comments Off on Trauma in an amphibian

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