Treatment Guidelines for Canine Atopic Dermatitis

Chapter 91

Treatment Guidelines for Canine Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic relapsing pruritic skin disease of dogs. In 2010 the International Task Force on Canine Atopic Dermatitis published guidelines recommending a multifaceted approach to the treatment of dogs with AD (Olivry et al, 2010). Treatment recommendations considered two main factors: whether the patient has an acute flare of disease or the AD is chronic, and whether skin lesions are localized or extensive. Not every intervention is suitable for every patient; neither are drugs equally effective for every dog. Pet owner preferences (based on cost and ease of compliance) and quality of life of each patient must always be considered.

Treatment of Acute Flares of Atopic Dermatitis

Reduction of Pruritus and Skin Lesions with Pharmacologic Agents

Pruritus in AD may be improved by short-term use of topical or systemic glucocorticoids.

Treatment Options for Chronic Canine Atopic Dermatitis

Identification and Avoidance of Flare Factors

Food allergens may be triggers for AD in dogs; thus restriction-provocation dietary trials (i.e., “elimination diets”) must be performed in all dogs with nonseasonal AD (see Chapter 96). Additionally, because dogs with AD are predisposed to developing fleabite hypersensitivity, all dogs with AD must be treated year-round with flea adulticides (see Chapter 97).

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Jul 18, 2016 | Posted by in PHARMACOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS | Comments Off on Treatment Guidelines for Canine Atopic Dermatitis

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