Chapter 22 Diseases of the Reproductive System
Estrogen toxicosis is perhaps the most well-known disease affecting the reproductive tract in ferrets. Because ferrets experience induced ovulation, estrous ferrets may maintain increased estrogen levels for long periods if not bred. Today this disease has almost been eliminated due to ovariohysterectomies performed before the female ferret reaches maturity.
Tumors of the female reproductive tract are common in unspayed female ferrets. Leiomyomas are the most common ovarian tumor recognized. In male ferrets, Sertoli cell tumors, seminomas, and interstitial cell tumors have been reported.