Chapter 52 Hematologic Diseases
Blood disorders are a serious, although rare, problem in horses. As an animal’s blood cells become weakened or destroyed, that animal starts losing its ability to carry oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. Such an instance, if allowed to progress unchecked, is incompatible with life.
Equine infectious anemia (EIA) is a disease that affects horses throughout the world. No age, breed, or sex predilection is associated with this disease. The causative organism is lentivirus that is spread via blood transmission.