Diseases of the Nervous System

Chapter 67 Diseases of the Nervous System

Neurologic diseases are not common in sheep and goats, but they can be devastating to the animal and its owner. Many neurologic conditions carry a poor to grave prognosis. When determining the cause of a condition, signalment, history, and mental status are all important factors. A thorough neurologic examination is then performed to localize the lesion and provide a better idea of what condition is affecting the animal.


Rabies is a zoonotic disease that has many of the greatest public health implications. Most states have laws mandating the vaccination of dogs and cats, and some states mandate the vaccination of horses. No laws exist regarding the vaccination of sheep and goats. Currently, no rabies vaccines have been approved for goats; if goats are vaccinated, they are usually vaccinated with a product approved for sheep. The vaccine is available only through licensed veterinarians. Any animal that is showing neurologic signs, especially if there is a known history of having been bitten by another animal, should be suspected of having rabies.

The infectious agent is a Lyssavirus. An infected animal, usually a raccoon, skunk, fox, or bat, bites the victim and passes the virus in the saliva. The virus migrates through body and the nervous system and localizes in the central nervous system. The virus may affect the cerebrum, brainstem, or spinal cord.

Aug 31, 2016 | Posted by in GENERAL | Comments Off on Diseases of the Nervous System
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