Common integument

Chapter 12 Common integument

The term common integument refers to the outer covering of the body. It is said to be the largest organ of the body and, because it has a variety of component parts, it has a range of functions. The integument includes:

The skin

The skin covers the external surface of the body, forming a complete barrier against the external environment. It is perforated by various natural openings, e.g. the mouth and the anus, and at these points it blends with the mucous membranes lining the openings. The functions of the skin are:

Skin structure

The skin is composed of two layers: the epidermis or superficial layer and the underlying dermis (Fig. 12.1). The hypodermis lies beneath the skin.

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Jul 18, 2016 | Posted by in PHARMACOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS | Comments Off on Common integument

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